The work of the laboratories constituted in the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism (FAU) was the basis for the structuring of PPGAU and, until today, it is these laboratories that guarantee the flow of research in the program with the participation of professors, undergraduate students (scientific research and volunteers) in articulation with the students of PPGAU UFPa. The program houses the six laboratories created by FAU professors who originally composed the tenured professors of the Program and who support teaching, research and undergraduate and graduate courses in the sub-areas of the Architecture and Urbanism discipline field, namely: • Laboratory Cities in the Amazon – LABCAM (urbanism) • Laboratory of Development and Analysis of Built Space – LADEC (environmental comfort) • Laboratory of Historiography of Architecture and Architectural Culture – LAHCA (historiography) • Laboratory Space and Development Human – LEDH (project) • Laboratory of Conservation and Restoration – LACORE (restoration) • Laboratory of Memory and Cultural Heritage – LAMEMO (memory and ethnography) • Laboratory of Construction Technology – LABTEC (Technology).
The composition of the faculty of PPGAU required the collaboration of researchers based in other units and linked to other laboratories, which began to support the students of the program in the development of their research, of which four continue to support the research developed under PPGAU: the Laboratory of Acoustics (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering), CEAMAZON (Advanced Systems Laboratory, Environmental Comfort Lab, Energy Quality and Energy Efficiency Laboratory, Electrical Energy Quality Lab), Archeology Laboratory and History (Emílio Goeldi Museum), and the Mineral Characterization Laboratory (Institute of Geosciences). In addition to these ten laboratories, the Construction Technology Lab – LATEC (at the FAU), which will support undergraduate education and graduate activities in the area of construction materials and systems, is being structured. The laboratories enable physical space and access to equipment in the various research areas, but are not cells that terminate the researchers' performance. Historically, research was carried out by articulating two or more laboratories (e.g.: projects approved in a universal announcement of 2011, with the participation of Labcam and Ladec), as well as the interfaces facilitated the organization of events (e.g.: LAHCA, Lamemo and LEDH III SAMA 2018). The development of the doctoral proposal (APCN 2017) prompted the commitment of greater articulation between the laboratories from the main research lines that govern the two lines of research (built environment and performance).
Laboratory City Architecture and History of the Amazon – LABCAM
Since 2003, the laboratory has supported the development of studies, diagnoses and research in the urban, metropolitan / regional and municipal scales, in the Amazonian context, within urban planning and design approaches.
Currently, it is coordinated by Professor José Júlio Lima and with the participation of Professor Ana Claudia Cardoso, Professor Juliano Ximenes Ponte and the Professors Roberta Rodrigues and Raul da Silva Ventura Neto, these last two being not accredited in the PPGAU.
The laboratory's production was disseminated through articles presented at national and international academic events, in national book chapters and journals, with more recent products posted on the website (www.labcam.org). The laboratory also generated research grants for scientific initiation and master's degree within the scope of research developed.
The general objectives of LABCAM are:
- Development of methods for the development of articulated research that enable a broad and comprehensive reading of contemporary processes of production and appropriation of the urban spaces of the Amazon;
- Construction of database and general information (database and cartography updated with GIS technology) as a way to support research and extension activities.
Laboratory of Development and Analysis of Constructed Space – LADEC
Laboratory of Development and Analysis of Built Space (LADEC), located in the Atelier of Architecture and Urbanism of FAU UFPa, is coordinated by Professor Irving Montanar Franco, although the professor is no longer accredited in PPGAU, provides space for the development of research of students of the program. The LADEC supports the graduation through grants of CI, the performance of the masters in the teaching stage and participation in research.
Its objectives are:
a) To develop and subsidize teaching, research and extension practices focused on sensorial-environmental awareness (light, acoustics, thermal and hygiene), exploring its repercussions on the environmental sustainability and energy efficiency of the built space;
b) Contribute, as far as possible, to the process of certification of energy performance of buildings, inserting practices with undergraduate subjects;
c) Offer opportunity of instrumental practices through the collection of equipment obtained in agreement with Eletrobrás.
Ladec was formed in 2006, funded by PROCEL Edifica Program (Eletrobrás), through a line of support for the acquisition of equipment by the undergraduate courses in Architecture and Urbanism. Today, the laboratory is equipped with analogue and digital sensors to measure temperature, humidity and wind speed, with simulation software of thermal load, water table, sound pressure meters, among other equipment required for research with heat, light and sound vibration.
Space and Human Development Laboratory – LEDH
The Laboratory Space and Human Development (LEDH), coordinated by Professor Ana Klaudia de Almeida Viana Perdigão, has, for the past 10 years, added research interests with other UFPA groups linked to the areas of social work and psychology. It is defended an architecture defined beyond appearance and that offers qualities for the best experience in spaces of great human permanence, what justifies the construction of research objects delineated by the 'space use', be the space produced by architects or not. The research and graduate activities developed in the laboratory focus on the nature of architectural design in undergraduate education, the production process and epistemology as a way of researching the architectural practice. Research in this area has provided important results for reflection and project practice, as well as disseminating a knowledge more committed to the riverside culture and to the identity of the Amazon Region.
The laboratory is located in the building of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of UFPA, seeks to disseminate the spatial approach of the project as a conditioner of theoretical-methodological explorations in the field of architecture. The objectives of the laboratory are:
- Construct research objects that result in theoretical-operative formulations of the architecture project for spaces of great human permanence;
- Refine theoretical-methodological tools around the subjectivities in the field of architecture for design purposes;
- To investigate the links of users with space by the context of spatial representations for instrumentalization of architectural conception.
Research developed: • The PAC Urbanization of Precarious Settlements in Amazonian Cities: a methodological proposal for the evaluation of production and human occupation in housing policy in Belém and Macapá (Call MCTI / CNPq / MCIDADES Nº 11/2012) • Evaluation of housing production and human occupation in precarious settlements in the Amazon: case study (Universal Announcement of CNPq 2017-2020).
Laboratory of Historiography and Architectural Culture – LAHCA
Laboratory of Historiography of Architecture and Architectural Culture (LAHCA), coordinated by Professor Celma Chaves Pont Vidal, and participation of Professor Fabiano Hombono Andrade FAU UFPa, the latter not accredited in the program. The LAHCA is located in a room of the Atelier of Architecture and Urbanism of the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of UFPA and was structured from the implantation of the Architecture and Urbanism Graduate Program. The laboratory develops studies in theory and urban and architectural history in general, and the Amazon city in particular with the participation of undergraduate and graduate students. In the field of architectural history develops research on the architectural culture in Belém, especially the production realized between the decades of 1930 to 1970.
The Laboratory aims to understand the resonance of the proposals of modern Brazilian architecture in the processes of local architectural production. In the field of urban history, he develops studies on modernization processes, in Belém, covering the period from 1886 to 1951, at his urbanistic and architectural levels, including several indicators that identify this process in the city space. The Laboratory also develops studies in the ambit of public architecture, studying the typologies of the public markets in Belém and its urban insertion. The objectives of the laboratory's research also include the production of new knowledge and the organization and systematization of documentary material for the elaboration of a database on the referred subjects.
In 2012, the Laboratory became part of the International University Network of History, Architecture and City that includes universities in Mexico (San Miguel Hidalgo and Universidad Michoacán), Argentina (Universidad Nacional del Litoral - UNL) and Brazil (UNB, Federal University of Uberlândia, USP) for the development of comparative research in urban and architectural history. During 2017, the laboratory led the organization of the III SAMA, in partnership with Lamemo and LEDH, organizing preparatory events, discussions and contributing to the launch of the magazine Amazônia Moderna by UFT, held in December 2017.
Research projects developed in 2017:
- The architectural culture in Belém: transformations between 1940-1975.
- The public market in Belém: studies of architectural typologies and historical, urban and socio-cultural dynamics (EDITAL MCT / CNPq / MEC / CAPES N° 07/2011).
- Study of modernization processes in Belém as a subsidy for urban history (1886-1951)
Laboratório de Memória e Patrimônio Cultural – LAMEMO
Laboratory of Memory and Cultural Heritage LAMEMO, coordinated by Professor Cybelle Salvador Miranda, and members Professors Ronaldo Marques de Carvalho and Luis de Jesus. The Laboratory of Memory and Cultural Patrimony is a transdisciplinary laboratory of memory and heritage, linked to the City, Village and Patrimony Research Group of UFPA. As of January 2012, CNPq has developed the research Memory and City: health itineraries in colonial and imperial Belém, with the participation of professors from the Institute of Philosophy and Human Sciences of UFPA and a researcher from the Institute of Art History at the University of Lisbon. It also aims to disseminate Parish assets to the community through academic research and extension activities, in partnership with Associations such as Fotoativa and Fórum Landi, contributing to the integration of undergraduate and graduate students with activities aimed at knowledge of the tangible and intangible assets of Pará.
It contributes to the memory of the architecture of Pará, valuing themes such as the "Raio-que-o-parta" style, a local manifestation that the Laboratory has been divulging to local and national society. It has a blog and a Facebook page, which act as a vehicle for publicizing LAMEMO's actions and raising awareness about the valuation of the architectural heritage of Pará.
The Laboratory of Memory and Cultural Heritage carries out research and extension activities, and has already accumulated an important collection, composed of academic works, 2 boxes containing extension work, 2 boxes of newspaper library, 60 books and 100 periodicals. It should be noted that this material, which is cataloged, is essential for the research carried out and for the consultation of concluding students. Laboratory research lines:
1.Memory and cultural heritage;
2.Paris architecture: history and memory;
3. Morphological studies and design methods;
4.Estética Applied to Architecture Research projects developed in 2017:
- Belém of the Eclecticisms: Architecture in the culture of the Amazonian metropolis
- Fish Stone in Ver-O-Peso: Ethnography in a Symbolic Place in the Historical Center of the City of Belém do Pará
- Linings in Hospital Architecture in Belém and Portugal: Eclectic Decorative Stucco.
Laboratory of Conservation, Restoration and Rehabilitation (LACORE)
Coordinated by Professor Thais A. Bastos Caminha Sanjad, is located in the Atelier of Architecture and Urbanism and in the process of transferring to the property of the Historical Center of Belém, former Convent of the Mercedaries. LACORE counts on the participation of Professor Flávia Palácios (Museology / UFPA), permanent professor in the program, and Professor Roseane Norat (FAU / UFPA), not accredited in the PPGAU. It was implemented in 2006 and was inaugurated in March 2011. It develops scientific research activities aimed at safeguarding the built patrimony.
The studies are divided into the following:
- Characterization and diagnosis of the causes of degradation of buildings and their respective materials; development of restorative techniques and methodologies adapted to the Amazonian reality;
- Redemption of knowledge of traditional construction techniques; rehabilitation of monuments and urban sites;
- Memory of the material patrimony of the Amazon.
The laboratory operates on the fronts of research, university extension and technical advice. Research projects developed in 2017:
- Documentation of metallic ornaments of the 19th and 20th centuries: the Walter McFarlane factory gutters in historic buildings in Belém (PA).
- The materials of the cultural buildings of the Amazon: contributions of the science of conservation and restoration to its safeguard. Participation: member
- The Nossa Senhora das Mercês Bastion in Belém / Pará: memory and architecture
- Studies on the conservation of geological materials used in Cultural Heritage, with funding from Fapespa.
- Mineralogy applied to the studies of the materials and their conservation in the Military Engineering of the Amazon, with funding from the CNPq Universal Announcement (2014-2017)
- Conservation and restoration science in the Amazon: contributions for the safeguarding of the monumental cemetery Nossa Senhora da Soledade (EDITAL CT-UNIVERSAL / CNPq No. 14/2011).
LACORE is associated with the Mineral Characterization Laboratory (LCM), located in the Institute of Geosciences and coordinated by Professor Rômulo Angelica, who was a permanent professor of PPGAU until 2016. The Laboratory of Mineral Characterization works through the application of instrumental analytical techniques in the characterization of the mineralogical and chemical composition of several crystalline and amorphous products, with interface between the geology areas engineering and the conservation and restoration of historic monuments.
Building Technology Laboratory – LABTEC
Laboratory of Construction Technology (LABTEC) coordinated by Professor Márcio Santos Barata, is located in the Atelier of Architecture and Urbanism. LABTEC counts with the participation of Professor Luciana Cordeiro (Civil Engineering / UFPA), permanent professor in the program, Professor Gustavo da Silva Vieira de Melo (Mechanical Engineering / UFPA), permanent professor in the program and by Professor Dionísio Sampaio (Faculty of Natural Sciences / UFPA: Campus Bragança) and Leopoldo Bastos (Mechanical Engineering / UFPA: Campus Tucuruí), both not accredited in the program.
LABTEC was already physically implanted in the Faculty of Architecture in June 2018, but is in the structuring phase, with the acquisition of furniture, equipment and permanent materials with the financing of LABINFRA Official Notice (PROEG Notice No. 02/2018). The objective of the laboratory is to carry out studies aimed at the development of materials, components and construction systems of greater durability, energy efficiency and environmental comfort; of technological innovations in the ambit of the built environment, of eco-efficient materials, and of the use of waste as inputs of construction materials, all in keeping with the particularities and reality of the Amazon region.
LABTEC works in conjunction with the Mineral Characterization Laboratory (LCM), located at the Institute of Geosciences and coordinated by Professors Rômulo Angelica and Simone Paz, regarding the work of minerology applied to construction materials and their performance; and with the LABCAM, through Professor Juliano Ximenes Ponte for research related to urban drainage.