Master’s Degree Program

 

1. Compulsory subjects (3 credits, 45 hours)

 

Area of Concentration: Analysis and Conception of the Built Environment in the Amazon

 

Scientific Research in Architecture and Urbanism (3 credits, 45 hours)

Epistemology in the fields of architecture and urbanism. Organization of scientific thinking. disciplinary contours and scientific method. Deductive method, hypothetical-deductive method and historical method. Quantitative and qualitative methods for the systematization of data. The course will have two approaches, one that focuses on the theory of knowledge and the other related methods and research techniques, including discussions over the qualitative and quantitative aspects. It aims at providing the students with an overview of research and the necessary elements for them to define their research approach.

 

2. Elective Subjects (3 credits , 45 hours)

 

Area of Concentration: Analysis and Conception of the Built Environment in the Amazon

 

1st Semester

 

Architecture and Sustainability (3 credits, 45 hours)

1. Contemporary Urbanization Patterns: Origins and trends. 2. socio-spatial and environmental ramifications in the cities resulting from the imbalance of the urban economy: informal, environmental degradation and cultural identity crisis. 3. Urban policies and development paradigms, developmentalism, the ecological crisis and the trajectory of environmental sustainability, the proposition of ecological sustainability of the central countries. 4. Urban development Conceptions widespread in the eastern Amazon in the second half of the twentieth century, Models of artificialization of the city, developments and impacts. 5. Dissemination of international experiences of cities naturalization: limits and possibilities. 6. Historical Gaps and opportunities for paradigm shifts concerning the Amazonian cities. 7. New urban rural interface and the development of an integrated regional view of territory.

 

Comfort of Built Space and Energy Efficiency (3 credits, 45 hours)

Determinants of Environmental Comfort: A) Environmental characterization; B) Construction materials; Thermodynamic and Acoustic conditioning of Buildings: C) Environmental Acoustics; D) Construction Materials - Acoustic performance of buildings - interiors; Seminar presentations, and delivery of materials. Building Services Regenerative systems: E) systems of artificial lighting; F) natural daylighting systems.

 

Environmental Design (3 credits, 45 hours)

Since the 1980s, there have been some technical discussions about Urban Planning, Landscaping and Environmental Engineering on the intensity of the impacts of territorial interventions and their environmental, physical and environmental implications on the scales of urban hydrographic micro basins and urban cornubations. The critique of the rationalistic standard and the failure in observing existing classic ecological dynamics in the urban space according to Ian McHarg, reopened a growing epistemological debate on the need and reassessment of  "flexible" attitudes towards territorial intervention, landscape modification and production of the built environment. The course aims to discuss and present ideas, methods and  technologies associated with this review around the disciplinary field of Urbanism, starting from the contents of Bioengineering, "Sustainable Drainage", part of the Environmental Engineering and lines of thoughts concerning urbanism regarded as of low environmental impact.

 

Ethnographic Method for Researches in Architecture (3 credits, 45 hours)

The range of the Social Sciences; the anthropological research method: ethnography; culture as a concept; Reading images: Principles of visual anthropology; Image as text and text as image: crossover between ethnography and semiotics. Theory of signs: the hermeneutic interpretation of texts; subjective interpretation of signs; Architecture as communication; System of Objects; Practice on investigation and reading of the architectural space.

 

Paradigms of Architectural Thinking (3 credits, 45 hours)

The conceptual framework of the disciplinary field of architecture and urbanism. Disciplinary Contours: memory, history, concepts, architectural design process. Theory and architecture of epistemology in the twentieth century. New figurative theoretical systems of art and architecture in the twentieth century. Evolution of architectural project design thinking. Reading and discussion of classical texts. The various architectural approaches in contemporary times. Theory of signs. Semiotics as architectural reading method.

 

Instrumental Techniques Applied to Characterization of Materials (3 credits, 45 hours)

The concepts of mineral and amorphous material. Minerals stability range. Materials: mineralogical and chemical identification. The instrumental techniques: X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), Differential Thermal Analysis and Gravimetric (DTA / TG), infrared (IF). Processes of mineralogical transformations of materials provoked by weathering action, salt formation and oxidation products.  

 

Theory, Documentation and Analysis of Historical Monuments (3 credits, 45 hours)

Theoretical restoration from the XIX to the XX century. Continuities and transformations in the built heritage. Monuments reading. Methods of prospection and excavation. Notions of soil science and stratigraphy. Traditional building materials. Materials in the Amazon architecture from the XVI to the XX century.

 

Theory and Production of Urban Space (3 credits, 45 hours)

Theories of urban space, built space, definition and constitution of urban space throughout various conceptions of city, including political, social and economic conditioning factors. Fundamental concepts for the design of urban form. The trajectory of thinking about spatial quality. Functionalist and monumental principles of cities. Vernacular processes of production of urban space. City Plans and Urban structuring interventions.

 

2nd Semester

 

Archeology of Architecture (3 credits, 45 hours)

Concepts and theoretical foundations of archeology. Research sources. Methods of prospection and excavation. Notions of Pedology and Stratigraphy. The materials of Architecture in the Amazon (from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century).

 

City and Water (3 credits, 45 hours)

Conceptual and technical discussion about different forms of water presence in the landscape and the city. The axis of the discussion is a set of four of these forms: the domains of the cultural economy of port areas (waterfronts); modernization of port areas; some technologies of environmental engineering and water resources management policy in urban environments. Thus, the water in the city goes beyond its dimension of strictly natural element, presenting at least four ways of being in the territory: substance, vehicle, landscape and resources.

 

Instrumental Environmental Comfort (3 credits, 45 hours)

Review of heat load calculation procedures, determining the "worst case scenario" and the actual temperature; b) Arquitrop program; c) Sunlight program, DLN, Relux; c) Excel spreadsheets- calculating actual temperature - the CSTB method *; d) Ecotect program. e) comparative analysis; f) experimentation and simulation; g) practical exercise insolation and shading systems: i) Masking and cutting of thermal load - I and II; ii) practical exercise: thermal load cutting processes; iii) practical exercise: Determination of cooling energy costs; h) use of natural lighting- reduction of lighting energy costs; l) energy cost -Lighting and cooling; m) energy diagnosis.

 

Design and Urban Space Regulation (3 credits, 45 hours)

Regulatory and normative principles of urban control. Project planning and urban control interventions. Relevant ideological backgrounds for regulation as part of urban public policies. Design, forms, systems and situations of territorial planning policies. Conceptual backgrounds for the evaluation at the urban design scale.

 

Energy Efficiency and Rational Use of Electric Power (3 credits, 45 hours)

Introduction: Why employ energy efficiency? global energy scenario. Brazilian energy scenario: current status and perspectives. Energy and development. Energy and environment. 2. Final energy consumption: lighting, mechanical power. Electrical circuits of power distribution. 3.Foundations of economic analysis for energy efficiency energy programs. Investment returns. Cash flow. 4. Managing demand. What is GLD? The integrated resource planning management of demand. Case study in Brazil and abroad. Energy efficiency. 5. Programs: technological alternatives. Energy efficiency initiatives. Energy efficiency marketing. Forecasting impacts of energy efficiency programs. Rates and costs of energy efficiency programs. 6.Efficient energy consumption in buildings. Domotics (home automation). Control and management of the demand. Energy efficiency index. 7. Legislation: Norms. Public policies. PROCEL achievements. Experiences abroad.

 

Epistemology of Architectural Design (3 credits, 45 hours)

Disciplinary contours in the field of Architecture. The “doing” of architecture: the art of building, the art of design and the art of planning spaces. History of the geometric foundations of architectural space. Formalization of the design method. Spatial representations of the human being in the design process. The affective dimension of Architecture. Analogies and typologies in architectural design.

 

History, Heritage and Monument (3 credits, 45 hours)

History of the conceptual constitution of historical heritage; notions of movables and immovables, natural, tangible and intangible assets. Discussions on values, criteria and social meanings of aesthetic, documentary and scientific nature. More consistent analyisis of the origins of the notion of preservation, especially from the nineteenth century, in the post-Industrial Revolution and in the post-French Revolution periods. Intellectuals such Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (1814-1879), John Ruskin (1819-1900); Camillo Boito (1834-1914). Updating traditional practices of material heritage preservation, such as that of William Morris (1834-1896) and _Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings; Gustavo Giovannoni (1873-1943) and the scientific restoration in the preservation of historic cities; Cesare Brandi (1906-1988) and the restoration of paintings, sculptures and works of art in Italy; until the contemporary restorative Salvador Muñoz-Viñas. Notions of authenticity and social meaning of Architecture (Paolo Marconi), in contrast to classical notions based solely on material and the primacy of the design project. Proponents of theories that value only materiality (Giovanni Carbonara). Analysis of the connections between history, document and monument, with the purpose of understanding the broad symbolic field that moves between the notions of celebration of ephemerides, worship of the paternal hero and biographical visuality, and at the same time, the actual construction of the artistic object. Experiences in Brazil and Amazon, from the early twentieth century, with Theodoro Braga (1872-1953), the relevance of Instituto Histórico e Geográfico do Pará, in the 1920s and 1930s, the activities of IPHAN in the Amazon, from the decade 1940 until the current policies and experiences, such as the Monument Feliz Lusitânia, Fórum Landi and the academic researches at the Federal University of Pará.

 

History and Techniques for the use of Iron in Historical Architecture (3 credits, 45 hours)

History and techniques for the use of iron in Architecture since the eighteenth century. History and techniques employed in the post-Industrial Revolution architecture. The iron Architecture in Europe, Brazil and Amazon. Structures, ornaments and types of iron production. Building systems and types of iron architecture in Belém. Weathering and bad conditions of structures and iron ornaments.

 

Historiography and Theories of Modern and Contemporary Architecture (3 credits, 45 hours)

History and Historiography of Architecture. Interpretations and trends in Architecture in the XIX century. Historiography of the Modern Movement and crisis of modern Architecture. Historiography of modern architecture in Brazil. New theoretical references in contemporary architecture. Integration and complexity of architecture. Architecture and Subjectivity.

 

Memory and Architectural Heritage (3 credits, 45 hours)

Individual and collective memory: relationship between memory and forgetfulness, ancient and modern, past and present; "Digging" individual memory; the "places of memory"; Culture and Heritage: from the material to the immaterial; Heritage policy in Brazil: from the modernists to contemporary interventions in historic centers; Mythical Ages: the "Belém, the city of our Memory."

 

The Space of the Informal City (1 credit, 15 hours)

The urbanization phenomenon in the contemporary world. The problem of urban poverty. Informal settlements and public housing international agendas and environment. Studies of spontaneous settlements. The regional context of assistance from the public and private sectors in the eastern Amazon.

 

The City Design in the Amazon Context: cartography processes (3 credits, 45 hours)

Theoretical Matrices over the city spatiality: Geohistory of the capitalist urban space. The contemporary regional-urban.  II. Instrumental analysis and cartographic redesign: classical morphological approaches. Space Syntax. Cellular automata. Fractals. III. landscape analysis instruments. Systems of free spaces. biophysical support. Uses and infrastructure. IV. Research processes considering space records: the urban evolution of Amazonian cities. Local and global timelines. Researches on spatial patterns and urbanization processes (commercial, industrial, monopoly, Fordist, post-metropolitan) in selected cities. IV. Syntheses: Potential of spatiality of cities and the Amazon urban city. Cartographies of cities and their integration as tools for debate on development and sustainability of the region.

 

Technology of Conservation and Architectural Restoration (3 credits, 45 hours)

The universe of traditional building materials (raw land, ceramics, rocks, mortar, lime, sand and wood) from Vitruvius to the eighteenth century. Material degradation processes. Laboratory research applied to conservation and restoration. Techniques and materials used in restoration. Adequacy of complementary projects.

 

Special Topics (1 credit, 15 hours)

It consists in the development of seminars about different topics related to the program concentration area, which represent the interest of teachers and group of students. It allows the participation of invited professors with doctoral degree. Duration  fifteen hours.

 

3. Activities (3 credits, 45 hours)  

 

Teacher Training (3 credits, 45 hours)

The teacher training should be developed in undergraduate courses and its purpose is to prepare the student for teaching activities. Once completed, the student must report his/her activities to the teacher who supervised the activity, who, in turn, will have to issue an opinion approving or not the student and giving the student a concept according to the assessment system Rules of Graduate Programs UFPA. The opinion of the teacher should be submitted to the Course Board of Professors.

 

Participation in Research (3 credits, 45 hours)

In taking part of research projects and activities, the student must integrate a team of a PPGAU research. The activities are to be developed (work plan) in the semester in which the student is enrolled and must be detailed by the research coordinator. For approval of performance in the activity, the student must submit a report of the activities carried out along with the opinion of the research coordinator. The opinion of the teacher should be submitted to the Course Board of Professors.

 

Oriented Research (3 credits, 45 hours)

The oriented research activity is supposed to be undertaken after the other subjects have been concluded and credited. The student should develop a theme related to his/her dissertation, within the scope of the research line or interfaced with other program lines. The guidelines will be delivered by the professor in charge of the orientation, or in case of interfaces with other lines, by another teacher suggested by the advisor. To achieve promotion the student must prepare a research report containing the results achieved, to be presented to the professor who oriented the activity, who, in turn, will give the students a concept according to the evaluation system of the Rules of Graduate UFPA programs. The opinion of the teacher should be submitted to the Course Board of Professors.